"When Princess Europa was kidnapped by Zeus in bull’s disguise, her father, Agenor, King of Tyre, sent his sons in search of his lost daughter. One of them, Cadmon, sailed to Rhodes. In Delphi he asked the Oracle about his sister’s whereabouts. On that specific point Pythia, true to her habit, was evasive -but she obliged Cadmon with practical advice: "you won’t find her. Better get yourself a cow, follow it and push it forward, don’t allow it to rest; at the spot where it falls from exhaustion, build a town".
Zygmunt Bauman



1 October 2018

Europe's Conventions Démocratiques

(Paper co-authored with Pol Morillas and Héctor Sánchez Margalef (CIDOB), October 2018)

Chapter "Europe's Conventions Démocratiques", in Direct Democracy in the EU. The Myth of a Citizens’ Union. Edited by Steven Blockmans and Sophia Russack. CEPS. Rowman & Littlefield International, 2018.

"This chapter analyses the democratic conventions taking place in the European Union (EU) throughout 2018 and 2019. These Conventions are the latest EU-wide initiative to enhance citizens’ participation and awareness of the European integration process, and are an attempt to address the EU’s democratic deficit. To explore whether the Democratic Conventions bring something new to the table, this chapter looks at the experiences of the European Convention in 2004 and the Citizens’ Dialogues since 2012 and retraces how the Democratic Conventions take inspiration from Emmanuel Macron’s presidential campaign. It argues that the Conventions successfully offer a bottom-up approach to democratic engagement but that they may not translate public expression into political reform effectively enough. This chapter also points to the disconnect between participatory initiatives and the legitimacy of political reform at the European level if such initiatives are not coupled with visible political outcomes." (....)

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